Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Benefits Of Genetically Modified Food - 967 Words

A genetically modified food is food that was made using organisms that were genetically modified as well. What the engineers do is take certain traits that they like from each crop and transfer them to another to get their desired food. There is a company called Arctic Apples which uses biotechnology to identify certain genes that, when mixed with polyphenolics, turns the apples brown. When they identify it, they remove the genes that cause it and the apples don’t go brown. This is one of many genetically modified foods available. Another usage is everything that we get from the mustard seed. From a simple mustard seed, we get many vegetables such as turnips, collard greens, broccoli, cauliflower and so much more. Genetically modified food can be very helpful in certain aspects, such as using a gene from the spinach plant to repel bugs to prevent crops from going bad instead of using dangerous pesticides. Another way that crops can be genetically modified is for crops be resis tant to freezing temperatures that can sometimes destroy crops and seeds. There are many reasons that we can benefit from genetically modified food. There are some downsides to genetically modified food however. Most of the crops that are modified are corn, soy and sugar beets. Most of the ingredients wind up in junk food and foods that aren’t very healthy for us. Because there is a high demand for those crops specifically, farmers plant more of these instead of rotating the types of crops that theyShow MoreRelatedBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods1354 Words   |  6 PagesGMO’s Genetically Modified Foods is a new contervserasonal topic on the health on agricultural of the world. It is heavily debated for the reason that it can be seen as a health risk or a major advancement in Agriculture. One on hand, it can be used to increase production, as well has have foods that could be altered to be pest-resistant and greater nutritional values (WHAT ARE THEY). While on the other hand, many consider ‘Safety testing of whole foods is difficult. Generally assessment of ‘safety/toxicity’Read MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods905 Words   |  4 Pagesthree decades since the discovery of genetically modified foods (foods formed by organisms that have gone through altering DNA using the procedures of genetic engineering.) In the year 1983, the original genetically modified herb was manufactured with antibiotic-resistant tobacco. A near decade after, the FDA (food and drug administration) had finally approved to put a genetically modified tom ato on the market. Countless organizations are proclaiming the benefits of GMO’s, whereas, other believe it’sRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Food1330 Words   |  6 Pages Everyone has heard of genetically modified food. They have become so prominent in the United States and fill up a majority of our supermarkets. There has been controversy over the past few years on whether genetically modifying animals and crops is ethical and safe. But what a majority of Americans lack is knowledge of genetic engineering (GE). Many Americans hear the term genetically modified organism (GMO) and think it sounds scary or bad. They decide to be against the techniques of GE beforeRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods1647 Words   |  7 Pages What foods are genetically modified? Well, most food that â€Å"contains sugar from sugar beets, soy, or corn,† is genetically modified (Mercola, 2015, p. 4). Most people consume genetically modified, or GM, foods e very day without even being aware. While some do avidly monitor their food consumption and avoid GM foods, others simply eat GM foods because, to them, GM foods seem safe to consume. In â€Å"Genetically Modified Foods Are Not Safe to Eat,† osteopath, Joseph Mercola, advocates his concerns of consumingRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods938 Words   |  4 Pages Have you ever thought of what would happen to everyone on Earth if Genetically Modified Foods were allowed? According to the World Health Organization, Genetically Modified Foods or Genetically modified Organisms are organisms where the genetic material has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination(World Health Organization). Genetically Modified Foods are foods that are altered to give more portions and cause people to earn more money. They alsoRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Food Essay1443 Words   |  6 Pageseats only fresh, unprocessed foods that are marked as non-GMO or certified organic; chances are that one eats food that has been genetically modified. Up to eighty percent of food in stores in America are genetically modified. America pushes these foods and the biotech industry so intensely. But, are these foods truly safe? Many people don’t exactly know what a GMO is. A GMO is a genetically modified food. They are plants or seeds that have been changed genetically by scientist. Scientist do thisRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods998 Words   |  4 Pagesengineering of foods, scientist, researchers, and farmers have changed the way food is grown. And this has started raising questions about the methods they use and their possible risks and side effects. To understand the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods you must first understand what they are. Genetically modified foods may also be referred to as GM foods, GMO, modified crops, GM organisms, or bio-tech foods. (Wohlers, Anton E, 2013, p73-84) You may see me referring to Genetically ModifiedRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods1203 Words   |  5 PagesGenetically modified organisms, sometimes known as GMO’s, are plants or animals that are created through the process of genetic engineering. Modified foods are often viewed as a valuable solution to ending world hunger, because they take less time to produce into larger crops. The use of gmos have increased in recent years,because they can grow bigger and faster than regular fruits and vegetables in much harsher environments.Also have seem to sustain and fight off many of the pests that have troubledRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods1553 Words   |  7 Pages Genetically Modified foods are made when genetic material from the DNA of one species of a plant’s genes is extracted and forced i nto the genes of different plants in a laboratory. Everything that is living is made of billions of cells. Inside each of these cells there is a nucleus that contains DNA. DNA is what carries the genetic information that the organisms on from one generation to another have to make a new organism and keep it functional. Genes are made of DNA. They make up the partsRead MoreBenefits Of Genetically Modified Foods1350 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract Rise of genetically modified foods that are sold to markets were analysed in the areas around USA, Argentina, Brazil and Canada. The aim of this report is to provide a detailed benefits and disadvantages of genetically modified crops where it was observed that it will be good alternative with the advancing biotechnology on overpopulation feeding requirements. Introduction Foods that are produced from organisms that had modification on their DNA structure using methods of genetic engineering

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Great Gatsby Research Paper Free Essays

During the Roaring twenties, social class was an important aspect of society. All different classes were for the most part separated by where people lived. In other words, by no means would anyone from a lower class be caught in an uptown setting. We will write a custom essay sample on The Great Gatsby Research Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are a variety of characters in the novel that come from different economic backgrounds. In the novel, The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald successfully uses location to differentiate social status amongst his characters while the weather and seasons of those locations help guide them. Each character helps represent and support the differences of social class and the four main locations, The East Egg, the West Egg, the Valley of Ashes, and New York City. In The Great Gatsby geographical locations separate social classes. East Egg represents old wealth. The characters from East Egg are wealthy but empty inside. Their lives are shallow and unfulfilled. Jordan Baker is beautiful on the outside but is only interested in cheating her way through life to get what she wants. The Buchanans look perfect on the outside but are dysfunctional on the inside. The characters in East Egg are arrogant. â€Å"Tom Buchanan is wealth brutalized by selfishness and arrogance† (Cowley 71). â€Å"Tom’s restlessness is an arrogant assertiveness seeking to evade in bluster the deep uneasiness of self knowledge† (Dyson 62). Daisy Buchanan is really only interested in herself and will use any means that will ultimately benefit her. West Egg represents new wealth. The characters that live in West Egg have made their money more recently. Nick Carraway is educated at Yale and starts a job in the bond business when he moves to West Egg. Nick is honest and listens to others’ problems. In the novel, Nick Carraway is always trying to help his girlfriend Jordan Baker. Her problems revolve around her cheating and being self centered. The characters can also find new wealth through desperate and dishonest means. Jay Gatsby gains most of his wealth through inheritance. Gatsby thinks that wealth will buy him the love of Daisy and the life which he dreams of. In addition Gatsby has also made his fortune through criminal activity, as he is willing to do anything to gain the social position he thinks necessary to win Daisy. The Valley of Ashes represents the socially unaccepted. The characters in the Valley of Ashes represent poverty. â€Å"This is the Valley of Dry Bones, the Waste Land, The dusty replica of modern society, where ash-grey men are crumbling, like Eliot’s hollow men† (Bicknell 98). Myrtle and George Wilson both live in a run down garage in the Valley of Ashes. Myrtle Wilson tries desperately to improve her life and get out of the Valley of Ashes. The Valley of Ashes also represents doom and death. Myrtle is found as the victim of a hit and run caused by Daisy and Gatsby. The Valley of Ashes represents the death and dreams for Jay Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, and George Wilson. These characters die in the novel due to misconception and anger. The characters go through the Valley of Ashes to get to New York City. New York City represents glitz and immorality. While in New York City Tom Buchanan has an affair with Myrtle Wilson. Myrtle Wilson doesn’t care about anyone except those who will direct her on the correct path to improve her life. This is one of the reasons why she has an affair with Tom. Tom Buchanan has no moral doubts about his own extramarital affair with Myrtle but when it comes to other people such as Daisy and Gatsby he becomes outraged and forces a confrontation. During a party in New York City, Myrtle Wilson drinks too much and begins to taunt Tom about Daisy. Tom responds to this by hitting Myrtle and breaking her nose. New York City represents a passion for money and inhibited pleasure. West Egg represents dreams while East Egg represents the devastation of reality. Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway both come from the mid-west. The mid-west represents everything that is associated with warmth and home. After leaving the mid-west both Gatsby and Nick move to West Egg which is similar to the mid-west. In contrast, the east represents everything that is shallow and uncaring. Jordan Baker is a prime example of someone who lives a shallow life in East Egg. F. Scott Fitzgerald incorporates color, weather, and seasons into The Great Gatsby. The green light that Gatsby sees every night from Daisy’s dock represents his future with her. Involuntarily I glanced seaward-and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away, that might have been the end of a dock† (Fitzgerald 21). Every night Gatsby reaches out for the green light in hopes that his longed for dream will finally come true. The green light is in East Egg and even though it is barely visible from his West Egg home he looks for it every night and hopes it will some day be his future. Weather guides the characters actions in The Great Gatsby. Gatsby and Daisy reunite with each other in the pouring rain. This represents the awkwardness of seeing each other again. They fall in love again in the fair weather when the sun begins to come out. This shows that their relationship is blossoming. Seasons also guide actions in The Great Gatsby. Tom Buchanan confronts Jay Gatsby about his affair with Daisy in the heat of the summer. This is similar to the fatal encounter between Mercuito and Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet. George Wilson kills himself and Gatsby when summer turns to fall. In conclusion, The Wilsons and Jay Gatsby never fulfill their dreams of wealth. The Wilsons meet their doom just as the Valley of Ashes symbolizes when George Wilson kills himself and Myrtle Wilson is a victim in a hit and run. Jay Gatsby’s dream is never fulfilled because money and desperation control him. â€Å"Gatsby’s death is brought about by Daisy, who first lets him shield her and then deserts him; by Tom, who directs the demented Wilson to the place where he is to be found; and by Wilson himself-a representative of the ash-grey men who comes to Gatsby, in his disillusionment, as a terrible embodiment of the realities which have killed his dream† (Dyson 65). For Tom and Daisy retreat back into their money or their vast carelessness† (Burnam 112). Tom Buchanan lets George Wilson believe it was Gatsby who had an affair with Myrtle and it was his car who killed her. Daisy Buchanan doesn’t care that she is the one who actually killed Myrtle, allowing Gatsby to take the blame. The Buchanans continue to live behind a facade, ne ver allowing anyone to see their emptiness inside. They blame their actions on others, never taking the blame. The Wilsons are not missed by anyone since their lives represent those that are socially unaccepted. Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker split up and Jordan gets engaged to another man. Nick decides to move back to the mid-west because he is sick of East Egg and its empty values. In each case, location has separated the characters economically, socially, and eventually defined their fate. How to cite The Great Gatsby Research Paper, Essays

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Wireless Networking Concepts

Question: Discuss about theWireless Networking Concepts. Answer: Compare and Contrast Three Data Encryption Standards for Wi-MAX Networks Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) In Cipher block chaining, the Base station (BA) sends the Subscriber Station (SS), an Security Association (SA) specific initialization vector (IV) as a Traffic Encryption Key (TEK) response during the TEK three way handshake. This algorithm uses this Security Association specific Initialization vector in combination with the TEK for the encryption of data traffic. This standard does not provide a full security on data encryption (Garg, 2007). Counter (CTR) The CTR standard is very easy to implement. It encrypts the data parallel and also offers an encryption preprocessing. It is consider stronger than the CBC. But it does not has the capability to encrypted messages authenticity. Counter with CBC Message Authentication Code (CCM) The CCM add more features to CTR by addition of capability of encrypted messages authenticity. It is considered as the most secured cryptographic data encryption standard. The CCM has the following characteristics Providing confidentiality to packet payload and also provides integrity protection to packet payload and packet header. It uses single cryptographic key for providing integrity and confidentiality and thereby minimizes the complexity and also maximizes the performance. Reduction of latency by computation of the cryptographic parameters which are used for the acknowledgement of packets which enables fast comparisons. Minimization of costs by implementing less sized hardware and software. Packet overheads which related to security are small (Garg, 2007). WPAN Technology Security Challenges Wireless USB In wireless USB, there are some criteria about the security. Confidentiality Data should be accessed by the people who are authorized to access the data and make use of it. The data need to be kept as a secret to any entities and that the confidentiality of the data can be preserved. (Chandra, 2008). Availability The servicing nodes should be available to serve the data whenever needed. For many service nodes, this is a challenge. The servicing nodes are prone to DDoS attacks. Even though the servicing nodes are hale and healthy, the servicing nodes under DDoS attack will spend all their resources in responding to DDoS attacks. So they cannot serve the data for what the servers are built. The affected nodes are called as selfish nodes. (Chandra, 2008). Integrity When the data is in travelling losses will be there. The data should be properly identified so that the integrity of the data can be preserved. Authenticity: The users who are asking data should be the correct and genuine people. There are mistaken identities and it will create lot of problems for the sender and receiver. For avoiding this the proper identification method should be used. If there is no authentication, anyone can get access the confidential information or can easily send fake messages to anyone (Chandra, 2008). Now, we are facing challenges with the security which is classified into two categories, security attacks and security services like fault diagnosis. To prevent the attack, we are using key management services, Intrusion detection Techniques and Secure Routing (Chandra, 2008). ZigBee WPAN Technology: The Zigbee WPAN technology transfers the data that can extend up to the 70 meters. The ZigBee WPAN is named as 802.15.4, where the main goal is to monitor and control the software applications, which relatively very low range of information throughput is essential with the possibility of power consumption (Chandra, 2008). The Data transferred in the ZigBee technology is given as packets, which has the maximum size as 128 bytes and it allows the highest payload up to 104 bytes. When comparing to other WPAN technologies, this ZigBee has very high data transfer rate. The Security in ZigBee implements double layers, one for the Network Layer and the Application Layer for Security. The Security policy AES 128b Encryption standard algorithm, which is deployed for the MAC Layer. This implements three types of Keys, namely link, network and master keys (Chandra, 2008). Link Keys The relay as unique key between each pair of nodes. This Link keys are managed and controlled by Application layer. The Encryption standard is performed between all the pair of nodes, so this occupies more memory space (Briere, Ferris, Hurley, 2006). Network Keys Network key is a 128b where all devices can be shared in this network. Network key are formed byTrust Centerand again formed at different interval.To join in the network every node need the Network Key. If the trust center had planned to alter the Network Key, latest one will come through the network Master Keys Master keys are already install in each node. Master keys target is to keeps their Link Keys asprivate. In theKey Establishment Procedure (SKKE) Link key will transfer among two nodes. The pair of nodes will have both link and network keys. The link key is always used, with more security but occupies more memory space. The Two security policy are updated, which the data centers can follow: Commercial Mode: The data centers can transfer their keys between the pair of nodes using the network key. Since, this occupies more memory resources. This offers a centralized model for key security control. Residential Mode: The data centers share only their network key, Due to the low resources, it will be in the ideal mode. This mode is chosen, when the wireless sensor model is implemented. References A survey of WiMAX security threats. (2016).Cse.wustl.edu. Retrieved 27 September 2016, from https://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse571-09/ftp/wimax2/ Briere, D., Ferris, E., Hurley, P. (2006).Wireless home networking for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Chandra, P. (2008).Wireless networking. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Newnes. Garg, V. (2007).Wireless communications and networking. Amsterdam: Elsevier Morgan Kaufmann.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Saudi Arabias Geopolitical and Socialeconomical Culture

Introduction Saudi Arabia is the largest Arab country in the Middle East lying in between Europe, Asia and Africa. Its size is approximated at 2,149,690 square kilometers (865,000) square miles, which is about one third the size of the United States. The country is located between the Persian Gulf and the Red sea, bordering Jordan on the north and Iraq on the northern east, Kuwait, Qatar and United Arab Emirates on the east and Yemen on the south and the Sultanate of Oman on the and southeast.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Saudi Arabias’ Geopolitical and Socialeconomical Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Early history Historically, Saudi Arabia is not considered as the cradle home of the Arabs but the first Arabs are thought to have originally come from the Arabian Peninsula. As far back as 15,000 to 20,000 years ago there is evidence of the existence of human presence in the Arabian Peni nsula citing the existence of roaming hunters and gatherers who lived off wild animals and plants. At the time of the last ice age about 15,000 years back, the Europe ice caps thawed, resulting to great climatic variation in the peninsula. The once immense plains covered with grassland suddenly turned scrublands and arid regions. The river streams evaporated creating dried river beds (commonly known as wadis), which are a common features in peninsula presently. This harsh climate forced the existing human beings to develop other means of survival as they no longer had animals to hunt because they had vanished. These people then moved to the mountain valleys and oasis and that’s where agriculture is said to have developed and begun in Mesopotamia before it spread to the Nile River Valley and across the Middle East. The development of agriculture brought about growth of other sectors farmers who started raring animals that included goats, camels, cattle, sheep and horses. These advances led to permanent settlements, which led to the beginning of the modern civilization. Arabian Peninsula became the homeland of Islam, which is the second most practiced faith worldly. Islam was pioneered by Prophet Muhammad. Around the year, 610, this Muhammad is said to have received messages from God (Allah) through the angle Gabriel to proclaim oneness of God globally and as these revelations continued, so did his followers increase. In the year 622, Prophet Muhammad learnt of the plan of his assassination than he decided to lead his followers to Yathrib which was later changed to Madint Al-Nabi (City of the Prophet) and now simply it’s referred as Madinah, and this emigration (Hijrah) marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar, the year of the hegira. It marks the time Muhammad fled from Mecca. Muslims use a lunar calendar, meaning their twelve-month year is much shorter than the solar one which the Christians use.Advertising Looking for research paper on eastern europe? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the subsequent years, numerous clashes took place between the â€Å"followers of the Prophet Muhammad and the pagans of Makkah†. By 628, the Prophet was able to unify the ethnic groups that he and his followers made an entrance into Makkah without shedding blood, which by this time Madinah was entirely in the hands of the Muslims. However, there was an attempt by the aggressors to take over the peninsula, but finally the peninsula was alienated into various counties. In 1745, Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhabi was urging for the cleansing and reforms in the Islam religion. Concurrently, the Wahhabi faction had dominated the Arabia. By 1811, Wahhabi elders were waging a jihad against the reforms in the Islamic faith in the peninsula, which they succeeded in uniting much of it. By 1818, the Wahhabi people had been subjugated again by the Ottoman Empire and their Egyptians coll aborators. Saudi Arabia kingdom is an almost entire creation of King Ibn Saud (1882-1953) who is a descendant of the Wahhabis leaders and is said to have seized Riyadh in 1901. He then made himself a leader of the Arab nationalist movement whereby he established Wahhabi dominance in Nejd by 1906 and he later conquered Hejaz in 1924-1925. These two kingdoms (Hejaz and Nejd) were merged to form the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. (Mohammed Hasan 2009) On September 23, 1932, the united warring tribes that were united into one nation were named the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, an Islamic state with Arabic as its national language whiles the Holy Qur’an as its constitution. This is what is called the modern kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the transformation of this country over the years has been enormous with only few decades having been counted; this kingdom has turned itself from a desert nation to a modern sophisticated state and a major player in the international world especially sin ce the discovery of oil I commercial quantities in 1938, that has seen the economy of Saudi Arabia develop rising its prominence in the world affairs. Economy Saudi Arabia owes much of its wealth to the enormous petroleum resources that exists in the country. Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia by United States geologists in the 1930s but its large production did not start until after the World War II. Since the 1950s and 1960s, there has been full activity of petroleum exploration with a spectacular acceleration in the 1970s. Oil wealth has made it possible for this country to rapidly develop its economy. Saudi Arabia is the world’s leading oil producer and exporter, with the largest oil reserves are the in the world, estimated at 263 billion barrels, which is approximately a quarter of the world’s oil reserves. It is also a prominent member of the OPEC. In Saudi Arabia, oil counts for almost 90% of the country exports and this translates to about 75% of the government ’s revenues.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Saudi Arabias’ Geopolitical and Socialeconomical Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These revenues have changed the country’s economic status from debt-trap to a wealthy nation. The country’s petroleum sector accounts for 45 percent of its gross domestic profit (GDP) where the economy depends on approximately six million employees abroad mostly working in the oil sector and services sector. The daily production of oil is about 1.3 million tonnes per day. The country is also involved in the production of natural gas that is about 100 million m3 each day. The amount of oil that is produced on behalf of the government is approximately slightly higher than 95 percent and this is done by the Saudi ARAMCO, a government parastatal, which acquired SAMAREC, a parastatal specializing in marketing and refining oil, to become the leading wholly integrated oil firm. Following the Arab-Israeli war in the 1970s, there was a sharp increase in petroleum revenues which resulted to the economy of Saudi growing fast as it enjoyed a surplus market while trading with other countries, exports of oil products increased and the government had enough revenues for the development, defense and aid to other Arabic and Islamic countries (NadeyaSayed 2003). The kind of economic model being used in Saudi Arabia is one which puts a limitation upon private enterprises because of state control and the central planning. There are very strong government controls on most economic activities as there are certain fields of the economy that belong to the state exclusively and these fields do not allow foreign investors to invest nor own them. Foreigners are allowed in other fields such as power generation, telecommunication services and insurance among other lucrative sectors that attract overseas investors, they have to create joint-ventures with the Saudi people or the Saudi state itself. At the time of the oil value boom of 2004-2008, Saudi created a sufficient financial reserve to counterbalance any global economic slump. Nevertheless, the dropping oil prices in 2009 adversely affected the Saudi economy causing the rescheduling of several governmental economic and developmental plans. The state took counteractive actions, like direct capital allocations into financial bodies, and slashed interest rates. Oil and natural gas are the traditional major contributors of the growth of Saudi’s economy, the other contributors of the economy are agriculture and fishing but clearly they are not on the same level as oil and natural gas. This sector provides an employment to the public to an estimated 10% of the population this is due to the fact that most of the land in Saudi Arabia is infertile, only 1% of the total surface is fertile.Advertising Looking for research paper on eastern europe? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although this is the case, there are several plans, which have been initiated to see the agricultural sector improve its productivity, which is currently very low quoting â€Å"approximately 3.6 million tonnes output of wheat, barley 1.1 million tonnes, tomatoes 490,000 tonnes, dates account for 500,00 tonnes, watermelons 450,000 tonnes including other smaller outputs of sorghum, dairy products, onions, grapes, and citrus fruits. The output also got from fish is likewise low, about 50,000 tonnes been produced per year and shrimps which make the biggest share of the catch† (Scawen Riad 2002). Saudi Arabia imports most of their food products from across the world, a trend that has been there from the early 1970s. Besides these elements, another contributor of the Saudi economy is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and Madina which is usually a demonstration of the unity of the Muslims and their acquiescence to God. Mecca is a holy city where every Muslim is required to visit at le ast once in their lifetime if the individual has the capability means to do so. Millions of people from all across the world make their journey to this holy place. Every year the number of people who come to Saudi Arabia for this pilgrimage known as Haj stands somewhere between two to three million generating more than US$ 2 billion to the Saudi economy. This is the only substantial tourism attraction to Saudi Arabia and as figures show it is great contributor to Saudi’s economy. The national economy of Saudi Arabia was budgeted to have revenues doubling the expenditure by 2008 the surplus was at a staggering $147 billion but was mostly used to pay various foreign debts. Society The Saudi Arabia society is dominated by Islamic values and it’s a country that is considered to have a very rich culture. The practices and convictions of the Saudis were mainly adopted from Wahhabism faction of Muslim followers. The most evident basis of distinction of the Saudi society is ba sed on the native and migrant population, although these people appreciate people from other countries, the immigration still affects their socialization trends and other marital matters. Ethnic relations Al-Rasheed Robert (2004) notes â€Å"Saudis live as a community (also known as ummah) where issues like race and ethnicity are of no significant value hence these issues are not used to form any socialization, political affiliations or even economic organizations.† Nevertheless, in Saudi Arabia the consideration of ones origin is important as it sometimes influences social interaction among the people and also influences on marriage issues for example, some people mainly in Hijaz are considered as descendants of Muhammad and are known as Ashraf while many others in the kingdom are said to be descent from eponymous ancestors from the ancient Arab tribes. Although this is the case, this influence does not affect the economic and power differences in the national society. Clas ses and castes The social classes are mainly divided between the foreign workers and locals. Temporary immigrants form the largest portion of working class and are also dominate the middle class status and some ranks in the upper-class status. Variation in terms of income and wealth is majorly categorized among the super-rich, the rich middle income earners and the limited income earners. Many Saudi Arabians still practice egalitarianism and believe more on impartiality and brotherhood, unlike class differentiation. But it is important to note that different people have different lifestyles depending on the amount of wealth one has; the wealthy ones interact less with the middle class people (Al-Rasheed Robert 2004). Marriage and family Anderson (2001) notes â€Å"among the Muslims, marriage is considered a necessary part of life, and all adults are required to marry. Marriage is usually perceived as a very costly affair while divorce on the other hand is relatively easy for men a nd very difficult for women.† As for birthright rights, males inherited twice over that of the females from their father while a widow inherits a small portion, but the sons have an obligation to support their mothers especially the widowed. Islamic values are very much upheld among the Saudi Arabians that is why religion and the society combine to form a kind of social control. Behaviors that bring shame to ones family is considered sinful while crimes related to alcohol and drugs and other sexual misconducts are considered to be as a result of modernization. Social relations are noticeable by vibrant gender separation and the reverence of age variation. Al-rasheed (2002) notes â€Å"Interactions that take place between men and women is minimal especially outside the domestic space of families the rules of do’s and don’ts aim at regulating interactions beyond the comforts of ones home thus interactions taking place in a commercial setting with females should be strictly formal.† Most social interactions take place in groups that are specific in terms of age and gender. When a guest arrives, it is mandatory for that person to individually greet the host and the rest of the guests by shaking hands or kissing on the chick more than three times if the person is well known to you and are age mates, also expected are long exchange of greetings between host and guest and between guests and other people present. Socially, mothers would give birth with the help of midwives and after their birth, they were to be cared for by their mothers hence this meant caring for them fulltime. Other female relatives in the household were to help in raring of the children and teach them the Arabian culture. While fathers and uncles were not expected to take part in child care, they took part in matters such as playing with them and teaching them generosity and hospitality. Anderson (2001) notes â€Å"as modernization trickles in, all these is changing and births are taking place in hospitals and the infants are being circumcised before going home.† Government and political conditions Saudi Arabia is governed by a monarch type of government whereby there is a king whose sons inherit the thrown later on in life as stipulated by their constitution. As a result, the country lacks political parties or movements but has held municipal elections. Religion Anderson (2001) notes â€Å"Saudi Arabia occupies a special place in the Islamic world as it is the heartland of Islam. The followers of Islam, one of the world’s greatest monotheistic religions are known as Muslims.† All Saudi Arabia citizens are Muslims except for small minority of Shia, even the immigrants themselves are mostly Muslims and the non-Muslims are not allowed to practice their faith in Saudi Arabia. They believe in one God (Allah) and that their prophet is Muhammad. A Muslim has five obligations which are referred to as Five Pillars of Islam where one ha s to profess his faith that there is no other god but God and that his prophet is Muhammad, secondly one has to pray five times a day and as they make their prayers, they face toward Makkah the holy city, thirdly one has to give a fixed amount of payment (zakat)  for the welfare of the entire community particularly the needy members of the society fourthly is the fasting during Ramadan which is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar that expects a Muslim to refrain from eating food and drinking from sundown to sunset and lastly is performing the hajj that involves the gathering of millions of Muslims around the world to Makkah which should be done at least once in a lifetime. Al-Rasheed Robert (2004) notes â€Å"these people include judges, preachers, teachers’ leaders other people who have learned Islam.† They also believe that the dead could either go to heaven or hell depending on how one has lived his/her life. â€Å"The major religious destinations of Saudi Ar abia include The Kaba and Black Stone in Mecca, Quba Mosque in Medina, Mount Arafat, Al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Floating Mosque of Jeddah, The Prophet’s Mosque in Medina and Nabatean Tombs of MadainSahreha.† (Federal Research Division 2004). Weather and climate â€Å"Saudi Arabia has a harsh dry desert kind of climate that is characterized by extreme temperatures during the day and an abrupt drop in temperatures at night with slight erratic rainfall which is influenced by subtropical high pressure systems† (Dean 2006).These two intense climates are mostly experienced from the coast towards the countryside. These conditions make the days to be hot and humid while fog is experienced at night which is due to winds from the south are accompanied by an increase in temperature and humidity level that causes a storm in the gulf areas. The rest of the country experiences law rainfalls whereby the country receives two seasons of sporadic rainfall. References Al-rasheed, M. (2002). a History of Saudi Arabia. New York: Cambridge University press. Al-Rasheed, M. Robert, V. (2004) Counter-narratives: history, contemporary society, and politics in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Anderson, H. (2001). Saudi Arabia Ticket. New York: Carolrhoda Books, Dean, D. (2006). The Wahhabi mission and Saudi ArabiaVolume 50 of Library of Modern Middle East Studies. Tabriz: I.B.Tauris. Federal Research Division. (2004). Saudi Arabia A Country Study. New York: Kessinger Publishing. Mohammed, A. Hasan, M. (2009). Religion and politics in Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism and the state. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, NadeyaSayed, A. (2003). Population and development of the Arab Gulf states: the case of Bahrain, Oman and Kuwait. New York: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Scawen, B. Riad, N. (2002). The future of Islam. New Jersey, NY: Routledge. This research paper on Saudi Arabias’ Geopolitical and Socialeconomical Culture was written and submitted by user Kingston I. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Conditional Forms and Sentences in English

Conditional Forms and Sentences in English Conditional forms are used to imagine events in certain conditions. The conditional can be used to speak about real events that always happen (first conditional), imaginary events (second conditional), or imagined past events (third conditional). Conditional sentences are also known as if sentences. Here are some examples: If we finish early, we will go out for lunch. - First conditional - possible situationIf we had time, we would visit our friends. - Second conditional - imaginary situationIf we had gone to New York, we would have visited the exhibit. - Third conditional - past imagined situation English learners should study conditional forms to speak about past, present and future situations that depend on other events happening. There are four forms of the conditional in English. Students should study each of the forms to understand how to use conditionals to speak about: Something that is always true if something happens - conditional zeroSomething that will be true in the future if something happens - conditional one or real conditionalSomething that would be true if something happened in the present - conditional two or unreal conditionalSomething that would have been true in the past if something had happened - conditional three or unreal conditional At times it might be difficult to make the choice between the first and second (real or unreal) conditional form. You can study this guide to the first or second conditional for more information on making the proper choice between these two forms. Once you have studied conditional structures, practice your understanding of the conditional forms by taking the conditional forms quiz. Teachers can also use the printable conditional forms quiz in-class. Listed below are examples, uses and formation of Conditionals followed by a quiz. Conditional 0 These situations are always true if something happens. Note: This use is similar to, and can usually be replaced by, a time clause using when (example: When I am late, my father takes me to school.) If I am late, my father takes me to school.She doesnt worry if Jack stays out after school. Conditional 0 is formed by the use of the present simple in the if clause followed by a comma the present simple in the result clause. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. If he comes to town, we have dinner. or: We have dinner if he comes to town. Conditional 1 Often called the real conditional because it is used for real - or possible - situations. These situations take place if a certain condition is met. Note: In the conditional 1 we often use unless which means if ... not. In other words, ...unless he hurries up. could also be written, ...if he doesnt hurry up.. If it rains, we will stay at home.He will arrive late unless he hurries up.Peter will buy a new car, if he gets his raise. Conditional 1 is formed by the use of the present simple in the if clause followed by a comma will verb (base form) in the result clause. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. If he finishes on time, we will go to the movies. or: We will go to the movies if he finishes on time. Conditional 2 Often called the unreal conditional because it is used for unreal - impossible or improbable - situations. The conditional 2 provides an imaginary result for a given situation. Note: The verb to be, when used in the 2nd conditional, is always conjugated as were. If he studied more, he would pass the exam.I would lower taxes if I were the President.They would buy a new house if they had more money. Conditional 2 is formed by the use of the past simple in the if clause followed by a comma would verb (base form) in the result clause. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. If they had more money, they would buy a new house. or: They would buy a new house if they had more money. Conditional 3 Often referred to as the past conditional because it concerns only past situations with hypothetical results. Used to express a hypothetical result to a past given situation. If he had known that, he would have decided differently.Jane would have found a new job if she had stayed in Boston. Conditional 3 is formed by the use of the past perfect in the if clause followed by a comma would have past participle in the result clause. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. If Alice had won the competition, life would have changed or: Life would have changed if Alice had won the competition.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Communication in Business Report Lab Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Communication in Business - Lab Report Example These will be elaborated in detail in this report. It is with great concern that Nike is committed to abide entirely with the United Nations Global Compact as guiding principles in all operations of the company. This not only improves the social status of the company but ensures a better working environment that supports innovations and new ways of operations in the company. These are our aims at Nike Company. Compared with Adidas and other competitors, Nike has a more than 47% of market share in sport shoes, though companies such as Adidas produce other products such as Jewelry, the company has a leading market share compared to its competitors. 2.0 Compliance with principles 6 and 8 2.1 Compliance with principle 6 on respect to discrimination and employment Nike is an equal opportunity employer across all its factories. Currently the company has more than 450,000 employees across the globe. This is in addition to thousands others who are indirectly employed by the company. Incident ally among the 450,000 employees, 85% are women (Boje, 1999). The company believes in affirmative action in improving the status of the female workers unlike other companies that have a higher population of males among their employees. In addition, the company is spread in various parts of the glob; in America and Asia and among these factories, Nike employs all races of employees without discrimination. The company to ensure leadership ensures that promotions and appointments in all positions are on a competitive basis disregarding race, gender, religious or any other factor that might be discriminative to employees. The company has put up policies and measures to ensure that it is fully compliant with the Health Code of Conduct and Equal Opportunity Acts and the Occupational Safety and Health Acts that would guide in ensuring a positive working environment (Buckley, 2011). Adidas on the other hand has no scandals relating to poor wages and child labor in overseas markets, and this puts the company much ahead of Nike in customer’s image and perception (Boje, 2001). 2.2 Compliance with policy 8 on environmental responsibility To achieve environmental responsibility, the company has over the time involved experts in analyzing the production process in a review that would enhance improvements in areas where pollution is indicated (Boje, 2009). The company has also initiated policies that would reduce pollution. These include recycling, adoption of greener technologies in the manufacturing process and have in the meantime phased out all PVC plastics in shoes and other products since 1998 (Tamara, 2001). The company has put in place measures and policies and is working towards certification in ISO14000 environmental standards in all the 600 subcontract factories (Tamara, 2001). T